ordinances (collectively referred to as the ‘Hudood [ Hud?d ]. Ordinances’) which were Also, new laws were introduced through the vehicle of the ordinances. THE HUDOOD LAWS 65 basic needs. This changed the following year, however, as Pakistan’s military dictator, President General Zia-ul-Haq, introduced the. (New York) – The Pakistani government’s proposed amendments to the Hudood Ordinances are grossly inadequate and fall far short of the.

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The Pakistani government of General Pervez Musharraf has said the National Assembly will soon consider amendments to the Hudood Ordinances, which criminalize adultery and non-marital sex, but the government has repeatedly reneged on such assurances in the past. In the two and a half decades the law was unchanged, several Pakistani government appointed commissions recommended the Zina Ordinance’s repeal such as the National Commission for the Status of Women inthe Special Committee to Review the Hudood Ordinances,Commission of Inquiry for Women.

Often referred to as Macaulay’s code, this was a secular code. Part of Pakistan’s Islamization. It replaced parts of the British-era Pakistan Penal Codeadding new criminal offences of adultery and fornicationand new punishments of whippingamputationand stoning to death. By then they had spent many years in jail, were ostracized by their families, and had become social outcasts.

The Hudood Law was intended to implement Shari’a law or bring Pakistani law into “conformity with the injunctions of Islam”, by enforcing punishments mentioned in the Quran and sunnah for zina extramarital sex[3] qazf false accusation of zinatheft, and consumption of alcohol. A triple talaq is pronounced. The New York Times.

Pakistan: Reform Hudood Laws Now

Human rights groups and activists in Pakistan have also criticized the bill, with one group complaining: Join our movement today. The evidence of guilt was there for all to see: The government subsequently announced that it would submit the bill in its original form hucood the National Assembly in the session currently in progress. The zina provisions of the law were particularly controversial [5] and critics alleged that there were “hundreds of incidents where a woman subjected to rape, or even gang rape, was eventually accused of zina ” and incarcerated.


Follow the Film channel. Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. It is to be noted that the offence of fornication as included in the PPC is defined almost identically as the tazir offence of zina and is punishable by imprisonment for llaws to five years and a fine. Qazf does not require such strong evidence. However, in practice, these safeguards have not always worked. The system provided for two kinds of offences — hadd and tazir — lqws different punishments to go with them.


The Hudood Laws

As a result of these changes, rape was no longer covered by the standard penal code, but by the Offence of Zina Ordinance, a subcategory of the Enforcement of Hudood Ordinance of Inauguration ceremony of Mohmand lawss postponed.

Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Updated December 30, Prisoner accord If Pakistan hopes to bring back to own prisons people sentenced abroad, it is even more reason to reform jail system.

Archived from the original on 29 November Human Rights Watch urges President General Pervez Musharraf and members of the National Assembly to implement the recommendation and reject the current proposed amendments. The crime of adultery is punishable by death. Under haddeyewitnesses evidence of the act of penetration by “at least four Muslim adult male witnesses”, about whom “the court is satisfied”, that “they are truthful persons and abstain from major sins kabair ” tazkiyah al-shuhood.

The Denial of Juvenile Justice in Pakistan. Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Her rapist was acquitted. December 18, Report.

Hudood Ordinances – Wikipedia

March 14, Commentary. Other legal experts have claimed that the original law was not so unbalanced as its opponents claimed or that the reforms will be impossible to enforce. Bangladesh’s Sheikh Hasina set for landslide win as opposition demands new vote.

While it was easy to file a case against a woman accusing her of adultery, the Zina Ordinance made it very difficult for a woman to obtain bail pending trial. Such cases have been less frequent in recent years, although the risk remains. Bythere were Kennedy states that “clearly the perception that Zia’s program significantly discriminated against women’s rights is fundamentally flawed”.


He then introduced a series of laws that codified women’s status as subordinate in law, including the Hudood Ordinances and the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order Law of Evidence Orderwhich relegated women to inferior legal status and, in some circumstances, rendered their testimony to half the weight of a man’s. The introduction of these laws resulted in the offences of rape and adultery in the Pakistan Penal Code PPC to be repealed as they were substituted by these offences.

Archived from the original on 29 December It is necessary to delete this definition [of a valid marriage] to shut this door.

The ordinance is like an anchor around the throats of the Pakistani women. Pakistan inherited a similar set of laws from the British rulers as India. That agreement failed to materialize. To know our policy or to deny the consent for cookies use click here.

Convict shall be medically examined before flogging to determine if the flogging should be “applied in such manner and with such intervals” that it does not kill the offender being flogged. Both offences of zina liable to hadd and fornication offences have been made cognisable only by a court, meaning that when a complaint is made of either offence, hhdood police may not arrest the accused unless directed to do so by the court. December 13, News Release. The most controversial of these are the two laws pertaining to sexual offences, i.

laas The Pakistani Constitution was re-instated insubject to substantial amendments, by Zia ul-Haq, only to be suspended again by the military government in October Another scenario for some of the accusations of adultery leading to imprisonment was following divorce by the husband and remarriage by the ex-wife.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Inbefore the ordinances went into huddood there were 70 women held in Pakistani prisons.