Citation: Atun-Einy O, Lotan M () A Systematic Review of Hippotherapy ( horseback riding) for Individuals with Autism is the Cognitive Level. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder including therapeutic horseback riding (THR), hippotherapy (HPOT). Children with autism benefit from equine therapy due to the motor, emotional, and patients on a personal level through what is referred to as “hippotherapy.

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American Psychological Association; This study expands previous equine-assisted intervention research by evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic horseback riding THR on self-regulation, socialization, communication, adaptive, and motor behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder ASD.

How Your Autistic Child Can Benefit from Equine Therapy

These things were super hard for her prior to starting hippotherapy. Journal of Autism and Developmental Hippotherayp. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jul 1. Being on a horse hippotherapy addresses many of these needs. The aberrant behavior checklist: Other assistants may throw balls or other objects to be autisj and returned by the riders. The potential moderator effect of age, IQ, or gender was respectively examined by the same mixed effects model, with this factor and the three level interaction term of this fact, time, and group as two additional fixed effects.

No significant moderation effect was found for age, IQ or gender. Outcome measures of joint hiippotherapy skills, including semi-structured play assessments and behavioral observation coding, may be useful considerations for future THR studies.

Hippotherapy and Autism – HorsePlay Therapy

American Hippotherapy Association web site; [Accessed December 17, ]. No data imputation was taken. Prior to starting hippotherapy, Kaelynn could walk and run but was uncoordinated, and had no fine motor skills.


Support Center Support Center. If these issues affect you or your loved ones seek professional advice.

American Psychiatric Association; The effect of therapeutic horseback riding on social functioning in children with autism. It has also been proven to be effective in promoting language, sensory regulation as well as improving social skills as students often form an emotional bond with the horses they ride on.

The attachment between the horse and rider creates interaction with another living being, which is especially difficult for kids with autism to achieve. Luckily, organizations like ASDF offer funding and scholarships for parents who want to take advantage of equine therapy. However, following the intervention phase, the THR group had a significant increase in the use of different words with an effect size of 0.

The Benefits of Hippotherapy for the Autistic Population

The researchers found that the children became more socially motivated and improved in sensory seeking and sensitivity. Participants had no contact with horses; however, a life-sized stuffed horse was an integral part of teaching horsemanship skills.

THR Intervention Fidelity The average fidelity rating for the eight intervention components were as follows: Table 2 shows the efficacy of the THR intervention compared to the BA control group for the primary and secondary outcome variables. After the intervention was initiated, four participants dropped from the THR group and seven participants dropped from the BA control group.

Outcomes in adolescents and adults ihppotherapy autism: Additional future study considerations include expanding demographic measures to include, for example, a broader measure of intellectual functioning. In order to have a comprehensive assessment of the THR intervention, a study with a placebo group i.


When a horse’s movement is transferred to a patient through hippotherapy, it produces a combination of sensory, motor and neurological input that we use to treat a wide variety of diagnoses.

J Am Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Both week interventions were a minimum of 45 minutes long each session, had two to four participants, had equine-related information content, assigned at least one volunteer to each participant, and used behavioral teaching methods commonly used for the ASD population e. According to the parents, children in the program showed better listening skills, became less stubborn or sullen, showed more confidence during participation in leisure activities, played and interacted more appropriately with their peers, and gained better body awareness throughout the course of the study.

Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation. Your child is naturally motivated to move; thus, he is excited and motivated to communicate. Factor validity and effect of subject variables for adults in group homes. Am J Ment Defic. The ABC-C is a item symptom checklist for assessing problem behaviors of children and adults with developmental disabilities in community settings.

Pan and Agnew, Ms. Hippotherapy has been used to improve various skills in children with deficits caused by several conditions in addition to ASD. In a hippotherapy program, a mounted child is steadied by one or two sidewalkers while the horse is led by another helper.

Significant results are in boldface type.